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PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF MALARIA

malaria vector

Malaria is one of the most common diseases that eventually all Africans suffer. It comes depending on the number of the disease causing organism other-wise referred pathogen called (plasmodium species. from the disease carrier the female Anopheles mosquito) to include a plus or 3 pluses. As mild as it may sound it is a deadly disease that kills people in the millions especially in Africa. When this bacteria (plasmodium spp. The most common being the Plasmodium falciparum) crosses the brain formed by the brain to select what comes into it (the blood brain barrier) it causes cerebral-malaria.

SIGNS AND SMYPTOMS OF MALARIA
The sickness is characterized by the following conditions in the case of an acute malaria infection.

·         Headache.

·         Fever.

·         Weakness.

·         Loss of appetite.

·         vomit

·         A brown coloration beneath the bottom eye lid.

In the case of cerebral-malaria. It is characterized by.

·         Very severe headache which may not be treated with normal analgesic NSAID (Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for analgesics)

How to prevent Malaria
As always prevention is better than cure. Malaria is very much preventable. Appling very simple lifestyle can not only prevent malaria both also avoid the growth of the disease carrier called mosquito (a small insect with slimy body both prolonged mandibles which it use to suck blood out of it prey).

·         Individuals are to avoid stagnant water in environments as it attracts mosquito who find a perfect breeding environment.

·         Reduced intake of oily rich meals.

·         The use of mosquito repellent, mosquito net to cover the body

·         Use the appropriate antimalarial drugs with regard to your resident country to better manage disease variation as it has been reported to have variation as it comes from different plasmodium species.

·         Wear mosquito repellent on clothes and exposed body part

·         Spray the room with repellent at least 30 minutes before entering into it as the repellent may be poisonous to the body.

·         Pregnant women and young children should avoid travelling to malaria prone areas.

Treatment of Malaria
When prevention becomes inevitable the expensive choice of treatment can be seized. Not minding that certain agencies such as WHO (world health organisation), NHIS (national health insurance scheme) has either made some drug used in fighting malaria either free or cheaper. The experience for any patient is just not the best although curable. However, certain therapies exist for the purpose of malaria treatment which include bot not limited to;

·      The use Anti-malaria drugs.

Patient with severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria or who cannot take oral doses are treated using other means of administration such as infusions like injections. The treatment is usually more effective to the presence of the parasite in the blood.

Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease. The primary objective of treatment is to ensure complete cure that is the rapid and complete elimination of the parasite from the patients’ blood, in order to prevent progression of uncomplicated malaria to severe disease or death, and to chronic infection that leads malaria related anaemia.

Public health expert advice that treatment should be geared towards the reduction of transmission of the infection to others by reducing the infectious reservoir and by preventing the outbreak and spread of resistance t antimalarial medicine.

NOTE:   for treatment of malaria several antimalarial drugs are used. There are several antimalarial drugs are used. There are several classes of anti-malarial drugs. Some of which include

·         ACT (Arthemeter combination therapy).

·        Arthemeter and lumefantrine in the combination of 80mg and 480mg repectively.

What antimalarial a made of
A fixed close combination of arthemeter and lumefantrine in a ratio of 1:6 is a perfect anti-malarial agent.

How the body react to the drug
Arthemether is absorbed with peak plasma concentration reached about 2 hours after dosing.

Absorption of lumefantrine start after a lag time (period when the concentration is rising) of up to 2 hours with peak plasma concentration about 6-8 hours after administration. They are both highly bound to human serum proteins in vitro (95.4% and 99.7% respectively)

The arthemeter and lumefantrine is effective against malaria caused by P. falciparum.

Conclusion

Malaria cannot be completely eliminated from an individual. So individuals are advised to treat themselves with a complete dosage (complete doses during treatment) at least once every three (3) months to avoid the presence of the parasite.

 






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