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balanced breakfast


Diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism. The word diet often implies the use of specific intake of nutrition for health or weight-management reason.


balanced breakfast

balanced breakfast

When student first enter the university, their diets often determine and they often gain weight. There are many factors responsible for these changes. However, there are also several actions that can be taken to avoid the weight gain and decline in diet quality that may occur during the university years. This weight gain is related to stress, a sedentary lifestyle and changes in food intake and diet patters, and it is not unique to Nigerian student but also students all over the world.


Meals are often skipped by university students, and management of weight and food intake is often non-existent or disordered. Class and work schedule change daily, as well as every semester. However, structure eating pattern help student’s academic performance. A study by mickey Trockel, Michael Bames, and Dennis Eggett, for example found a positive relationship between eating breakfast and first-year university students grade-point averages (GPA).

Lifestyle changes, peer pressure, limited finances, and access to food also contribute to erratic eating patterns. University students have little variety in their diet and often turn to high fat snacks. A common error underestimating serving sizes, meaning they often eat more than they think they are eating.


Of the three nutrition that provide calories (carbohydrates, proteins and fats), carbohydrate (particularly sugar) and fat intake often exceeds recommended levels. University students also tend to have a low intake of dietary fiber, irregular class schedules, part-time jobs, and variable homework loads can district normal eating patterns among college students, leading to unhealthy habits that may be hard to break. Despite those difficulties, it is important for students to find time for nutrition’s and varied foods which is important for interstitial health. In term of vitamins, a low vitamins C status has been associated with university student’s low intake of fruits and vegetables (with level of vitamin C being even lower among smoker). In terms of minerals, calcium, Iron and Zinc intake are low, while sodium intake is generally higher than recommended.

Male university students are more likely to meet dietary intake recommendation for the meat, poultry, Fish, Dry beans and Nuts group; form the bread, cereal, Rice and pasta group. Males seem to consume more food over all thus have a higher energy (Calorie) intake. Female university students tend to eat too few breads, grains and dairy products. In addition, it is estimated that about 10% of university students drink more than fifteen alcoholic beverages per week, further impairing the quality of their diet.

Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia are more prevalent among university females among the general population. This is related body image dissatisfaction, females that are underweight, as measured by their body mass index (BMI), sometimes consider themselves to be overweight.


These are many actions that university students can take eat in a healthy manner and enjoy their university life without jeopardizing their health from excessive weight gain or weight loss;

  • Get at least eight hours of sleep a night. Lack of sleep affect’s one’s ability to concentrate and makes one feel tired.
  • Avoid skipping meals; subsequent hunger after skipping meals may cause one to over eat
  • Eat breakfast, which helps concentration and increases the like likely hood of consuming calcium, folic acid and vitamin C.
  • Drink water and eat fruit through the day. Water is calories free and fruits keep manage urges to eat and contribute fibre, Vitamins and minerals.
  • Exercise regularly, physical activity helps burn off calories, helps manage stress and promotes mental and physical stamina.
  • Keep low-fat and low- calorie snacking especially when eating late at night.


College students will eat healthy food if they are available. During the university years, students form a foundation and create eating habits that impact future health, so it is important to practice healthy eating during these years.


By Otuare Ekeledilichukwu Ruth


  1. Mark says:

    Great article

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